OBJECTIVE: Angiogenic growth factors bFGF and VEGF ensure vascularisation of the growing tumor tissue. We decided to investigate their peripheral serum concentrations in patients with thyroid gland adenoma and papillary carcinoma and with parathyroid adenoma. We wanted to find the possible serum marker of these tumor diseases.
METHODS: 28 patients with thyroid gland tumor (14x adenoma, 14x papillary carcinoma) and 12 patients with parathyroid gland adenoma. Growth factors serum levels were measured by ELISA method.
RESULTS: We found significantly higher serum levels of bFGF in both groups of patients with thyroid adenoma (4.93 +/- 3.42 ng/ml) and papillary carcinoma (5.69 +/- 5.58 ng/ml) compared to the healthy population (1.47 +/- 1.77 ng/ml). There were no significant differences of VEGF serum levels between all examined groups of patients (adenoma 213 +/- 197, papillary carcinoma 210 +/- 179, healthy 227 +/- 231 pg/ml). We found significantly higher serum levels of bFGF in patients with parathyroid gland adenoma (7.59 +/- 9.12 ng/ml) compared to those in healthy people (1.47 +/- 1.77 ng/ml).
CONCLUSIONS: Higher bFGF serum concentrations in patients with thyroid and parathyroid tumors are in accordance with their immunohistochemical tissue levels described in the literature. Not so in VEGF. bFGF may be a serum marker of thyroid and parathyroid neoplasms.