The assessment of retina in pregnant women with myopia.

OBJECTIVES: Myopia is associated with increased frequency of retinal degenerative changes which are the risk factors of intra- and postpartal ophthalmological complications. Aim of this study was to analyze the degenerative lesions detected in opthalmological examination (including peripheral retinal lesions) as a potential risk factors for eyes' status in terms of delivery in myopic women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 254 pregnant women affected with myopia underwent opthalmological examination as a screening method to examine retina. In case of any degenerative lesions, the qualification for laser photocoagulation treatment was performed. Furthermore, study group was divided into two subgroups due to presence or absence of the retinal lesions and opthalmological outcomes compared. Follow up examination was performed in every patient from the study group between 3 and 6 months after the delivery. RESULTS: Among 508 eyes, retinal lesions were revealed in 69 women (121 eyes) what constituted for 23.8%. In remaining 185 patients results of the opthalmological examination were normal. Average maternal age was higher in group affected with degenerative lesions (p<0.001). Myopia in women with retinal lesions ranged between -0.25 and -12 dioptries (D), while in 43 cases of degenerative lesions qualified for laser photocoagulation this value ranged between -0.5 and -12.0 D (p=ns). Postpartal follow-up examination did not reveal any abnormalities in this group, as well. CONCLUSION: Degenerative retinal lesions are present in one fourth of pregnant women. Both the severity and type of the lesions are not associated with severity of myopia. Among pregnant patients, retinal lesions occur in patients with more advanced maternal age. opthalmological examination remains an important prophylactic modality in retinal disorders, especially in primary retinal detachment due degenerative disorders.

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