Structure-efficiency relationship in derivatives of stilbene. Comparison of resveratrol, pinosylvin and pterostilbene.

OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress is related to a number of autoimmune diseases, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, etc. The main source of pathologically working reactive oxygen species (ROS) are activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL).

OBJECTIVE: There are some papers comparing structure - pharmacological efficiency relationship of vegetal substances from the stilbenoid group. We compared the effect of trans-resveratrol, which is well-known by its antioxidative activity, with the effect of pinosylvin and pterostilbene.

METHODS: Luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence (CL) was used to study the antioxidative action. The effect was observed in whole blood and in isolated PMNL. The concentrations of substances tested were 0.01-100 microM. Due to the different abilities of luminol and isoluminol to pass through the cell membrane, we studied the effect of the substances tested on intracellular and extracellular ROS. To stimulate the production of ROS we used phorbol-myristate-acetate (PMA), which activates PMNL via protein kinase C.

RESULTS: Resveratrol, pinosylvin and pterostilbene inhibited significantly the CL of whole blood and extra- and intracellular CL of isolated PMNL in a dosedependent manner. Depending on different functional groups of the stilbene molecule, resveratrol inhibited CL of whole blood and isolated PMNL, whereas pinosylvin influenced mainly intracellular CL and pterostilbene extracellular CL.

CONCLUSION: The presence of different functional groups in the molecules of stilbenoids influence their antioxidative effect. Modification of these functional groups may result in derivatives with required antioxidative properties, targeting mainly extracellular ROS which are responsible for tissue damage during chronic inflammation.

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