Progesterone inhibits embryotoxic effect of the complement system.

  Vol. 20 (1-2) 1999 Neuro endocrinology letters Journal Article   1999; 20(1-2): 105-108 PubMed PMID:  11473238    Citation

: The complement system of normal human serum (NHS) manifests a strong, dose dependent embryotoxic potential when administered to chick embryos inducing, among others, also malformations of the brain. We have demonstrated, however, that the degree of complement-induced embryotoxicity varied remarkably in the course of the menstrual cycle of fertile healthy women, although the complement serum activity (CH100) exhibited no significant fluctuation. On the other hand, the variation of embryotoxicity appeared negatively associated with progesterone levels. Following our results high progesterone levels occurring physiologically in luteal phase of the menstrual cycle suppress the embryotoxic action of the complement system.

 Full text PDF