Postsurgical meningitis caused by Acinetobacter baumannii associated with high mortality.

: Twenty five (25) cases of nosocomial postsurgical meningitis due to Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis were compared to other 146 cases of meningitis after surgery caused by other pathogens. Prior neurosurgical ventriculo-peritoneal shunt insertion and CNS abnormality as well as very low birth weight were significant risk factors for acquisition of Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis. Mortality - 40% among children with nosocomial meningitis was unacceptably high and significantly higher than among meningitis caused by microorganisms other than Acinetobacter baumannii.