Plasma beta amyloid and cytokine profile in women with Alzheimer's disease.

: Alzheimer's disease (AD) belongs to a group of neurodegenerative disorders. It is characterized by irreversible and progressive memory loss accompanied with decline in other cognitive functions. At a microscopic level, the typical neuropathologic features, senile plaques and neurofibrillary lesions are found. The pathological processes lead to neuronal loss, synaptic dysfunction and inappropriate activity of neurotransmitters. The major constituent of senile plaques is abnormally aggregated beta amyloid protein. Beta amyloid (Abeta) is a short (40-42 amino acid) product of proteolysis of the transmembrane amyloid precursor protein (APP). Extracellular depositions of Abeta 1-42 may initiate a wide range of pathological processes including glia activation, neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis. There is convincing evidence that inflammatory response to accumulation of beta amyloid plays a pivotal role in the progression of neuropathological changes found in AD. Current research was directed at assessing beta amyloid, cytokines (IL-6, IL-10 and TNF alpha) plasma levels in women with AD. Hundred and twenty four women, aged between 59 to 86 years, were enrolled in the study. Amongst them 57 were diagnosed with AD (29 subjects in early stage and 28 subjects with moderate to severe stadium of disease) and 67 women without dementia were investigated as a control group. The lowest values of Abeta 1-42 were found in AD subjects in moderate to severe stage of disease as compared with the early stage of AD (p< 0.05) and the control group (p<0.01). Change in IL-6 values was significantly different between groups with the lowest values found in women without dementia. Both subset of AD patients demonstrated statistically enhanced IL-6 levels when compared with the control group (p<0.001, p<0.01 respectively for early and moderate/severe stage of AD). Moreover, our study revealed a trend to increase in TNF alfa and IL-10 values in AD. However, those differences were not statistically significant. In addition, we did not detect any correlations between plasma beta amyloid and investigated cytokines.

 Full text PDF