Placenta and umbilical cord blood deserve attention.

OBJECTIVES: This work follows up with our already published results concerning consequences of lead on prenatal and postnatal development of child in connection with the rise of hyperkinetic syndrome (ADHD). This disease has in children increasing tendency all over the world.

METHODS: In our work we used a set of histological and histochemical methods, method of scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy and statistical evaluation.

RESULTS: Our new method for proof of lead in placenta enabled us to show how lead is cumulated in syncytiotrophoblast. We have found release of lead from mother's erythrocytes in the intervillous space and receipt of lead by erythrocytes of fetus in the vessels of the villi of placenta. This finding enriches knowledge about relation between mother's erythrocytes, lead, calcium that is lead carrier, syncytiotrophoblast, and erythrocytes of fetus in the vessels of placental villi. We have proved that syncytiotrophoblast is the most frequent place for cumulation of lead deposits. We verified our ecomorphologic results by means of infrared spectroscopy in cooperation with physicists and statistically evaluated occurrence of ADHD in particular age categories what helps to fill gaps in knowledge of ADHD etiology.

CONCLUSIONS: Our finding of lead in umbilical cord blood immediately after the child birth is forewarning against the possible rise of the ADHD. This finding facilitates early diagnostics and means preventing step against the rise, development and consequences of this disease. The obtained results give evidence about the serious influence of mother's dwelling in environment polluted with neurotoxic metal - lead on the prenatal and postnatal development of child.

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