Opinions regarding the effectiveness of non-pharmacological measures in prevention of cardiovascular disease in the Czech Republic.

OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of deaths. Cardiovascular mortality is influenced by several factors that can be changed by our behaviour. The goal of this study was to survey the opinions of physicians and nurses on the topic of preventative cardiovascular risk factors.

METHODS: The inquiry was carried out using a standardized structured interviewer-respondent interview (face-to-face). The final form of the interview was based on the results of a pre-investigation. The study was anonymous, participation was voluntary, and the actual interview did not contain any controversial ethical questions. To meet these goals, a non-standardized questionnaire for nurses and physicians was developed. The questions evaluated the interest, coping difficulties, and efficiency of multimodal interventions in practice. The study sample included 1000 physicians and 1000 nurses. The results were statistically evaluated.

RESULTS: The survey of physician and nurse opinions showed that patients were primarily interested in interventions in the area of nutrition, weight loss, and coping with pharmacotherapy; however, the overall lack of interest in smoking cessation was a surprising result. Physicians and nurses viewed smoking cessation as the most difficult risk factors to influence, followed by nutrition changes, and weight loss. It was noteworthy that more than half of the interviewed physicians and nurses were of the opinion that behavioral interventions were only sometimes or rarely effective.

CONCLUSION: The results of our study show that nurses and physicians largely agree on behavioral risk factors and how to influence them. Nurses and physicians in Czech health care generally agree that patients are interested in influencing the above risk factors, being least interested in exercise and smoking cessation. Nurses and physicians also consider smoking reduction and weight loss as particularly difficult risk factors to manage. Results from this study will contributed to the overall goal of preparing and implementing short-term and long-term interventions in preventive cardiology.

 Full text PDF