OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists on restraint-induced release of prolactin (PRL) in male Wistar rats of different ages.
DESIGN: Rats were implanted with a brain ventricular for icv injection, and with a jugular vein cannula for iv injection. Competitive NMDA receptor antagonist AP-5 and noncompetitive NMDA receptor blocker MK-801 was injected via brain cannula or vein cannula and was restrained for 3 hours. The blood sample was collected through vein cannula during the restraint. The plasma concentration of prolactin was measured by RIA.
RESULTS: The restraint-induced PRL release in the adult rat (12-weeks) was significantly suppressed by MK-801 (50 microg/rat, icv; or 5 mg/kg, iv) and was partially inhibited by pretreatment of AP-5 (50, 100 microg/rat, icv), but was not changed by systemic administration of AP-5 (10 mg/kg, iv). MK-801 (5 mg/kg, iv) prevented the restraint-induced PRL release in the peripuberal rat (45-days) and in the middle-aged rat (16-months).
CONCLUSION: Central NMDA receptors mediate restraint-induced PRL release in the male rat.