The significance of plasma adrenomedullin and calcitonin gene-related peptide concentration in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus who are treated for cardiovascular risk factors.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the significance of plasma adrenomedullin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) concentration in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus who are treated for hypertension and dyslipidemia.
METHOD: Plasma adrenomedullin and CGRP concentration, transthoracal echocardiography and ABPM were evaluated in 82 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and 41 control subjects with no previous cardiovascular disease. All the subjects had casual blood pressure ≤140/90 mmHg or received antihypertensive medication, were treated by statin if LDL cholesterol was≥3mmol/L, by fibrates if triacylglyceroles≥2 mmol/L.
RESULTS: The mean age was 61±6 in patients with diabetes mellitus and 61±5 years in control subjects (p=0.9). Plasma CGRP was 3.0±1.8 in patients with diabetes mellitus and 2.3±1.0 ng/ml in control subjects (p=0.09). Plasma adrenomedullin was 2.2±0.9 in patients with diabetes mellitus and 2.8±1.1 ng/ml in control subjects (p=0.01). In patients with diabetes mellitus mass index of the left ventricle was significantly higher and the parameters of diastolic function were more deteriorated. Plasma adrenomedullin and CGRP correlated significantly negatively with serum creatinine and positively with mean 24 hours arterial blood pressure in patients with diabetes mellitus but not in control subjects. Plasma adrenomedullin concentration in patients with diabetes mellitus treated for hypertension was significantly reduced.
CONCLUSION: Despite concentration plasma adrenomedullin and CGRP modulation by cardioprotective treatment both neuropeptides remained involved in regulation of hemodynamic and metabolic parameters in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The low plasma of adrenomedullin in patients with Type 2 diabetic may be marker of the efficient intervention on cardiovascular risk factors....