OBJECTIVES: The effects of non-modified and oxidatively modified calf skin collagen type I on platelet aggregation and the oxidative burst of phagocytes were examined in the framework of a general hypothesis that collagen, platelets and phagocytes cooperate to modulate the oxidative burst of phagocytes and the extent of oxidative stress.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Calf skin collagen type I was subjected to oxidative modification by hydrogen peroxide or hydroxyl radical. Thermal denaturation of collagen was performed in a spectrophotometer equipped with a temperature gradient device. The aggregation of isolated human platelets obtained after differential centrifugation was measured using a dual-channel aggregometer. The production of reactive oxygen species by human whole blood phagocytes was evaluated by luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence.
RESULTS: Oxidative modification of collagen samples was characterized by a decrease in denaturation transition temperature. Oxidatively modified samples showed a modified SDS-PAGE pattern, evidencing a significant destruction of the collagen. All oxidatively modified collagen samples, independent of the oxidation treatment applied, lost their platelet-aggregating and phagocyte oxidative burst-inducing activity.
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that reactive oxygen species were able to modify collagen. On the other hand, oxidatively modified collagen lost its activating properties towards platelets and phagocytes.