OBJECTIVE: Semen quality depends on factors such as lifestyle, environment, and hormone secretion.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess the correlation between emotional disorders and the secretion of selected hormones, and to assess the impact of these disorders on semen quality.
METHODS: The study covered 60 fertile and 112 subfertile males. The sperm was obtained by masturbation, and examined directly after liquidation according to the 2010 criteria of the World Health Organization. The research instruments used were: the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). A morning blood sample (5 mL volume) was obtained and sent to an authorized laboratory to assess serum levels of testosterone, LH, FSH, prolactin, SHBG, DHEA-S and cortisol.
RESULTS: In the group of infertility patients, higher BDI scores were correlated with significantly decreased testosterone levels (p=0.001), and increased prolactin and cortisol (p<0.001); statistically significant negative correlations were also found between BDI score and SHBG and DHEA-S (p<0.001) levels. Higher STAI-1 and STAI-2 in the low-fertility group were associated with higher mean prolactin and cortisol levels (p<0.001). Sperm count was shown to be correlated with BDI, STAI-1 and STAI-2 scores (p<0.001). Semen volume also correlated with BDI, STAI-1 and STAI-2 scores (p<0.001).
CONCLUSION: Depression and anxiety in subfertile males are associated with lower secretion of SHBG and DHEA-S, and higher secretion of cortisol and prolactin. Depression and anxiety in male patients cause decreased semen volume and sperm density.