Extreme elevation of placental alkaline phosphatase as a marker of preterm delivery, placental insufficiency and low birth weight.

OBJECTIVE: Clinical case of extremely elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme detected in the 3rd trimester of gestation, the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, delivery and puerperium are presented. The paper also offers a review of the currently available bibliographical data of the issue.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The case presents a 23-year-old secundipara with clinical problems in her 3rd trimester, namely a generalized pruritus. The gestation had signs of asymmetrical fetal hypotrophy induced by placental insufficiency. Laboratory tests showed elevated (as much as a 10.5-fold increase) values of alkaline phosphatase enzyme, 94.05% of which was placental isoenzyme. The patient also had clinical symptoms of a preterm delivery. The spontaneous delivery occurred in 36 week of gestation. The postpuerperium values of alkaline phosphatase returned to normal.

CONCLUSION: The authors point out the potential relationship between elevated placental isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase levels and placental insufficiency and the onset of a preterm delivery.

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