OBJECTIVES: Body weight loss in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) is accompanied by a number of hormonal and metabolic disorders. The scope and intensity of these disorders may have a considerable influence on the prognosis in this disease. The goal of the study was an evaluation of selected diagnostic examinations in comparison with clinical data of female patients with AN.
PATIENTS & METHODS: Retrospective studies involved eighty-seven (87) patients with AN. On therapy commencement, routine laboratory tests (full blood cell count, serum concentrations of sodium, potassium, glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, total calcium, phosphates, total protein and the urea) and hormonal tests (TSH, TSH, FT4, FT3, E2, T, cortisol measured at 8(00), 17(00) and 24(00), LH and FSH in stimulation test with GnRH) were performed in each patient. Correlations were determined between clinical data and the measured hormone concentrations.
RESULTS: In the studied girls, the mean values of routine laboratory tests, performed at the beginning of the therapy, were within the normal ranges (except hypernatremia). The mean concentrations of LH, FSH and FT4 were below reference values; the mean concentration of cortisol considerably exceeded the standard range. Statistically significant relations were demonstrated between BMI values and the concentrations of LH, E2 and cortisol.
CONCLUSIONS: Body weigh loss is not significantly reflected by abnormal results of routinely performed laboratory tests. Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and hypercortisolemia are the most characteristic hormonal symptoms in girls with AN.