: We demonstrate the presence in leech hemolymph of high levels of a peptide recognized by antiserum directed against bovine chromacin. The purification of the chromacin-like peptide was carried out by an acidic extraction, followed by solid phase and high pressure gel permeation chromatography and reversed-phase HPLC purification. Its sequence (GDFELPSIADPQATFESQRGPSAQQVDK) was established by a combination of techniques, including automated Edman degradation, MALDI-TOF measurement and DOT immunobinding assays with anti-chromogranin A. Mass spectrometry measurement revealed a m/z 3177Da, revealing the fact that the molecule is phosphorylated. ELISA titrations performed at each step of the purification revealed a major increase in the level of the peptide (ca. 125 nmol/microl of coelomic fluid) 15 min after LPS exposure. The increase in chromacin-like peptide levels is both time and concentration dependent. The level of this peptide decreased significantly 4 hours after LPS exposure. This report is the first discovery of a chromogranin derived like peptide in invertebrates.