BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a complex arterial disease involving interactions between multiple genetic and environmental factors. A large number of genetic polymorphisms associated with atherosclerotic diseases have been identified in recent years. We investigated the possible association between hepatic nuclear factor (HNF1-α) and angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) single nucleotide polymorphisms and the risk of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the Czech population.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,182 patients with ACS (835 males and 347 females) and 1,200 healthy controls (827 males and 373 females) were included in the study. All patients were younger than 65 years of age. rs7310409 (A>G within the HNF1-α gene) and rs116843064 (G>A within the ANGPTL4 gene) were genotyped using TaqMan genotyping assays.
RESULTS: The frequencies of the genotypes in patients with ACS did not significantly differ from the control group for the rs7310409 polymorphism (AA=17.1%, AG=46.6%, GG=36.2% vs. AA=14.4%, AG=50.3%, GG=35.3%, respectively; p=0.12) or the rs116843064 polymorphism (AA=0.1%, AG=3.5%, GG=96.4% vs. AA=0.1%, AG=4.2%, GG=95.7%, respectively; p=0.69). There was no interaction with gender. In addition, gene variants were not associated with common cardiovascular risk factors (dyslipidaemia, hypertension, smoking, obesity and diabetes).
CONCLUSIONS: No association was observed between polymorphisms within the HNF1-α and ANGPTL4 genes and the risk of ACS in the Czech population.