Unusual presentations of Carney Complex in patient with a novel PRKAR1A mutation.

  Vol. 38 (4) 2017 Neuro endocrinology letters Journal Article   2017; 38(4): 248-254 PubMed PMID:  28871709    Citation

: Carney Complex (CNC) is a multiple neoplasia syndrome characterized by skin tumors and pigmented lesions, myxomas, and various endocrine tumors. The aim of this case report was to describe a case of CNC with a novel PRKAR1A mutation. A man aged 46 years with a medical history of surgery for cardiac myxomas at the age of 39 was admitted to our hospital because of four newly-developed heart masses. The histologic examination confirmed cardiac myxomas. He had many presentations of CNC such as growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL)-secreting mixed pituitary adenoma, benign thyroid nodule, large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor (LCCST), and superficial angiomyxoma. A bilateral adrenalectomy was performed because the laboratory findings suggested primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD). The pathologic examination revealed a focal unilateral PPNAD, unilateral nonpigmented adrenocortical nodule, and bilateral adrenal medullary hyperplasia. Two years after the second cardiac operation, an interatrial septum-derived tumor was detected. An atrial myxoma was confirmed with histologic studies. Based on these findings, the patient was confirmed to have CNC. A novel insertion mutation in the type 1A regulatory subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A gene (PRKAR1A) in exon 2 was detected in our patient through genetic analysis. The presence of multiple myxomas and endocrine abnormalities should be an indication to physicians to further investigate for CNC. Herein, we described a case of CNC with a novel mutation in exon 2 of the PRKAR1A gene with typical and atypical clinical features.

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