The effects of subclinical hypothyroidism on serum lipid level and TLR4 expression of monocyte in peripheral blood of rats.

OBJECTIVE: To observe effect of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) on serum lipid level and expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in rats' peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC).

METHODS: Fifty Wistar female rats were divided into three groups: normal control (NC group; n=10), sham group (n=10), and L-T-4 (L-thyroxine) group (n=30, with thyroidectomy, fed with rich-calcium water after operation. 5 weeks later, abdominal subcutaneous injection of L-T-4: 0.95 μg/100g/d). 8 weeks later, the rats were killed then the peripheral blood was collected to determine the levels of serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total thyroid hormone (TT4), total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterin (LDL-C). Rats in L-T-4 group were divided into normal lipid (NL) group) and high lipid (HL) group) according to lipid value of NC group. Monocytes were separated from blood to determine TLR4 expression by flow cytometry.

RESULTS: In NL and HL groups TSH were higher than in NC and Sham groups (p<0.05). TT4 have no significant differences (p>0.05). TLR4, TLR4 mRNA, NF-κB (p65) were increased (p<0.05). TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were higher than in NC and sham groups (p<0.01). There were no significant differences of TLR4, TLR4 mRNA, NF-κB (p65), TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β expression between NL and HL groups (p>0.05).

CONCLUSION: TLR4, TLR4 mRNA, NF-κB (p65) of PBMC and TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β expression in serum were all increased in SCH rats, which was not related to serum dyslipidemia.

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