OBJECTIVES: Diabetes with cerebral infarction is a common disease that severely impacts health. This study investigated the effect of procyanidin (PC) on the expression of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT1) in type 2 diabetes mellitus SD rats with focal cerebral ischemia. We then explored the protective mechanisms of PC in type 2 diabetes mellitus SD rats with focal cerebral ischemia, to provide theory evidence for its clinical application.
METHODS: We set up a type 2 diabetes mellitus-MCAO model, evaluated neurological function, and used immunohistochemistry methods to measure the activity of STAT1.
RESULTS: The brain expression of STAT1 in rats of the sham-operation group was low, but more STAT1 positive cells were found in normal rats with ischemia and in rats with both type 2 diabetes and ischemia when groups were compared with the sham-operation group (p<0.01). Compared with rats that had type 2 diabetes and ischemia, the numbers of STAT1 positive cells after low, medium and high-doses of PC were all decreased (p<0.01), whereby the mid and high-dose groups showed a more substantial decrease (p<0.01) and with no variance between the two groups (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that PC has a neuroprotective effect on type 2 diabetes mellitus-MCAO; this may be through decreasing the expression of STAT1, which influences the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway that may inhibit apoptosis to relieve neurological impairment.