: Sleep disturbances are found in a majority of individuals diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this literature review is to provide information about PTSD, in addition to assessing sleep quality. Current research observes that the lifetime prevalence of PTSD diagnosis in women is increasing. Although there are several studies that have been conducted to assess PTSD and sleep, there is a gap in the research that pertains to women, PTSD, and sleep quality. The current study will compile information on the subject to aid in decreasing the gender disparity in PTSD research, which is important for treating the entire PTSD population. Using the PubMed and PsycINFO databases, a comprehensive search was conducted to find relevant research about sleep difficulties and PTSD. Sleep disturbances such as insomnia, re-current nightmares, REM sleep dysfunction, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affect sleep quality in PTSD patients. The implications of this study suggest that more research should be conducted pertaining to women and PTSD with sleep difficulties. This research is needed to decrease both PTSD symptoms and sleep-related disorders.