Nosocomial meningitis in neonates caused by Streptococcus agalactiae.

: Streptococcus agalactiae is a rare cause of neonatal meningitis in the era of peripartum prophylaxis with prophylaxis with ampicillin in colonized/infected mothers. However 5 cases of meningitis among 171 cases of pediatric nosocomial meningitis database within last 15 years occurred. All 5 children were neonates (one VLBW and early gestation newborn), 2 after neurosurgery. All 5 cases were successfully cured with a combination of cefotaxim (or ceftazidim) plus aminoglycosides, in one case also with addition of vancomycin or ampicillin. However 3 of 5 cured patients had neurologic sequellae, two of them reversible hydrocephalus and in speech retardation.