4,5-dianilinophtalimide protects neuroendocrine cells against serum deprivation-induced stress and apoptosis.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to reveal the effects of 4,5-dianilinophthalimide (DAPH), which inhibits amyloid β fibrillization, against serum deprivation (SD)-induced apoptosis and the possible mechanisms in differentiated PC12 neuron cells.
METHODS: Firstly, we evaluated whether DAPH protects cell viability exposed to SD by MTT assay. Next, we examined the changes of phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182), phospho-HSP27 (Ser82), phospho-c-JUN (Ser73) and cleaved-CASP3 (Asp175) profiles by immunoblotting, in PC12 cells exposed to SD. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was also measured.
RESULTS: SD induced apoptosis accompanied by up-regulation of phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182), phospho-HSP27 (Ser82), phospho-c-JUN (Ser73), cleaved-CASP3 (Asp175) and intracellular ROS content. Co-treatment with non-toxic doses of DAPH prevented apoptosis by the attenuation of activated proteins and reduction of ROS level. These results suggest that serum deprivation-induced apoptosis inhibited by DAPH administration.
CONCLUSION: We have provided for the first evidence that DAPH has a neuroprotective effect on SD-caused stress, probably via contributing the re-establishment of redox homeostasis....