Jejunal diverticulosis: A rare cause of massive bleeding.

  Vol. 42 (1) 2021 Neuro endocrinology letters Journal Article   2021; 42(1): 28-32 PubMed PMID:  33930938    Citation

INTRODUCTION: Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare diagnosis that occurs mainly in old age, more often in men than in women. It is usually an incidental diagnosis of unclear aethtiology. In some cases, visceral myopathy can also be the cause. It is most often manifested by abdominal pain and bleeding. Bleeding from the small intestinal diverticula represents only 0.6-5% of all small intestinal bleeding. CASE REPORT: The authors describe the case of a 66-year-old man with massive gastrointestinal bleeding who did not respond to conservative hemostyptic treatment. Following negative gastrofibroscopic and colonoscopic examinations, an angioCT examination was indicated, which revealed a source of bleeding in the jejunal diverticula. The patient was indicated for surgical treatment. The extent of bleeding was determined by perioperative enteroscopy and subsequently, the affected jejunal segment was segmentally resected with a primary anastomosis. CONCLUSION: Bleeding from the jejunal diverticula is a very rare diagnosis, which poses challenges in the diagnostic process in particular. Capsule enteroscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis, as well as CT angiography and scintigraphy in the event of massive bleeding. In addition to conservative treatment, the embolization of a bleeding vessel may subsequently be used in therapy. In indicated cases, surgical resection treatment is also possible.

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