Is screening for hereditary thrombophilia indicated in first early pregnancy loss?

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the importance of screening for thrombophilic mutations after the first early pregnancy loss.

SETTING: Thrombophilic mutations were examined in a sample of 100 women with at least one miscarriage. DNA was isolated from venous blood sample. We used methods of microarray, fragmentation analysis, High Resolution Melting and PCR-ARMS with following gel electrophoresis and visualisation. Chi-square test and in cases of low expected frequencies Yates correction were used to compare relative frequencies of individual mutations. The comparison of averages was performed by t-test.

RESULTS: We detected prevalence of factor V and II mutation of 9% and 3%, respectively. Single MTHFR mutation was found in 59% and double heterozygous MTHFR mutation in 23% of cases. No mutation was present in only 6% of the study group. Heterozygous mutations of factor V occurred 1.8 times more frequently in our study group compared to the general Czech women population. Also, the frequency of factor II mutation was 1.5-3 times higher. No carrier of these mutations had overt coagulation disorder, history of thromboembolic disease or that of habitual abortions.

CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of thrombophilic mutations in the group of women with early pregnancy loss is 1.5-3 times higher than in the general population.

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