BACKGROUND: A possible role of adipokines in the regulation of body weight in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) has been proposed. Polymorphisms in genes encoding adiponectin and resistin in AN have not been widely assessed, yet.
OBJECTIVES: 1) Assessment the frequency of ADIPOQ c.45T>G, ADIPOQ c.276G>T polymorphisms in adiponectin and RETN c.62G>A, RETN c.-180C>G in resistin genes in AN patients and control group (C) 2) Analysis of correlation between these polymorphisms and serum ADP or RETN.
METHODS: We examined 67 AN girls and 38 C aged 11-18. Analyses of polymorphisms in ADIPOQ and RETN genes were performed using RFLP method and adiponectin and resistin serum levels - with commercially available ELISA kits.
RESULTS: In AN subjects, TT genotype in ADIPOQ c.276 polymorphism as well as GG genotype of RETN c.-180 were significantly more frequent than in CG. In ADIPOQ c.45 polymorphic site, TT alleles were the most frequent in both examined groups. In RETN c.62 GA and GG alleles distribution did not differ between the groups and the most frequently observed genotype was GG. The mean serum adiponectin level in AN was significantly higher and resistin - lower than in controls. There were no statistically significant relationships between serum adiponectin and resistin levels and allele frequency in polymorphisms ADIPOQ c.276 as well as RETN c.-180 in the examined groups.
CONCLUSION: Differences in genotype frequencies of ADIPOQ c.276 and RETN c.-180 suggest a need for studies on a larger cohort of patients with AN.