Effects of acute exposure to deltamethrin and recovery time on common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.).

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate effects of the insecticide Decis Mega (DM; active substance deltamethrin 50 g.L(-1)) on common carp on the basis of haematological profile, oxidative stress, antioxidant enzymes and histopathology.

DESIGN: Fish were exposed two concentrations of DM 6.56 μg.L(-1) (1DM) and 65.6 μg.L(-1) (2DM) for 96 h. Then the remaining fish were transferred into DM-free water for depuration for another period of 96 h.

RESULTS: Exposure to 1DM and 2DM proved effect on enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase and on oxidative damage of cells in gills, liver and kidney (p<0.05, p<0.01). Exposure to 1DM showed differences (p<0.05, p<0.01) in hematocrit and hemoglobin in blood. Histopathological changes were observed after acute exposure to DM as well as to DM-free water in gills, liver and kidney.

CONCLUSION: This study concludes that deltamethrin has influence on the haematological parameters, activity of antioxidant enzymes and caused oxidative damage, and histopathological changes in the fish. However, antioxidant balance in the body was restored after placing the fish in clean water for 4 days, however, this time was not sufficient complete regeneration.

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