Effect of the DASH-diet and salt Kardisal® on blood pressure in adolescents with prehypertension (Cooperative multicentre interventional study).

  Vol. 38 (8) 2018 Neuro endocrinology letters Journal Article   2018; 38(8): 544-548 PubMed PMID:  29504732    Citation

BACKGROUND: In a cooperative multi-center interventional study of 60 probands with prehypertension and normal BMIs were followed for 3 months. DESIGN: The intervention included the DASH diet for 3 months in 30 probands plus sodium limited intake using the low sodium salt Kardisal® (60% NaCl, 40% KCl) (group A) and the DASH diet for 3 months in 30 probands without Kardisal® (group B). RESULTS: In group A (n=26 probands evaluated) the systolic blood pressure (median) decreased significantly from 138 to 129 mmHg (p<0.001), while the diastolic blood pressure had a statistically non-significant decrease. In group B (n=25 probands evaluated) the SBP decreased significantly from 135 to 132 mmHg (p<0.001), and the DBP decreased significantly from 85 to 69 mmHg (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Despite a relatively short period on the DASH diet, the intervention produced a significant decrease in the blood pressure of prehypertensive adolescents. The additional use of a low sodium salt for home cooking was not found to have any advantages over the DASH diet alone.

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