Dipeptide "alaptide" prevented impairments in spontaneous behavior produced with trimethyltin in male rats.

OBJECTIVES: On the animal model of trimethyltin (TMT) induced behavioral deficits the effect of chronic treatment with spirocyclic dipeptide cyclo/alanyl-l-amino-l-cyclopentane-carbonyl (alaptide, AL) was evaluated in adult male rats.

METHODS: Changes in the spontaneous behavioral repertoire were investigated in the open-field test on Day 21 (Session 1) and Day 28 (Session 2) after a single oral TMT administration.

RESULTS: In Experiment 1, rats given the highest TMT dose (7.5 mg/kg) exhibited significantly increased total number of behavioral patterns, the floor sniffing being the most frequent pattern. While the medium TMT dose (5 mg/kg) had a similar effect only in Session 1, the lowest TMT dose (2.5 mg/kg) was entirely ineffective. In Experiment 2, an explicit beneficial influence of both AL doses (5 and 10 mg/kg) given for 10 days before and 10 days after TMT (7.5 mg/kg) on the spontaneous behavior repertoire was observed in both Session 1 and Session 2. The total number of patterns and the time spent in individual patterns of AL+TMT treated animals did not differ from the controls and those given AL alone.

CONCLUSION: We conclude that sufficiently long AL treatment interfered with deleterious effects of TMT and forestalled changes in the structure and timing of spontaneous behavioral patterns. Thus, AL can be designated as a substance having "neuroprotective" effects.

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