OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether a methanol extract isolated from the flower of Gentiana asclepiadea had potential cytotoxic or genotoxic effect on COS 1 (monkey kidney) cell line. Five various concentrations of the extract were investigated for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity and to determine non-cytotoxic and non-genotoxic concentrations suitable for utilization in pharmacology and medicine.
METHODS: Cytotoxicity was determined using the proliferation (growth activity) and the plating efficiency (colony forming ability) assays after 24 hour incubation of COS 1 cells with different concentrations of methanolic flower extract from G. asclepiadea. To assess potential genotoxicity, the comet assay or SCGE (Single-Cell Gel Electrophoresis) was used.
RESULTS: We found that only the highest (5 and 25 mg/ml) concentrations of the extract revealed cytotoxic and genotoxic effect. We have also determined concentrations that stimulated cell growth (0.25 mg/ml) and colony forming ability (0.25-2.5 mg/ml) and did not exhibit genotoxic effect (0.25-2.5 mg/ml).
CONCLUSIONS: We found out that extract of G. asclepiadea was neither cytotoxic nor genotoxic in a wide range of concentrations (0.25-2.5 mg/ml) and thus can be used to further investigate potential beneficial usage in pharmacology and medicine.