Clinical Outcomes of Combined Transcranial and Endoscopic Transnasal Approaches in the Management of Cranionasal Communicating Tumors.

  Vol. 44 (6) 2023 Neuro endocrinology letters Journal Article   2023; 44(6): 410-417 PubMed PMID:  37776558    Citation

BACKGROUND: Cranionasal communicating tumors often originate from the extra-axial intracranial tissue, nasal cavity, and sinuses, and mostly invade the anterior skull base, leading to communication between the cranial and nasal cavities. Cranionasal communicating tumors are clinically rare and thus have been rarely reported in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of combined transcranial and endoscopic transnasal approaches in the surgical management of cranionasal communicating tumors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with cranionasal communicating tumors treated at the Department of Neurosurgery, Jinhua Hospital, affiliated with Zhejiang University, from July 2017 to March 2020. All patients were surgically treated using combined transcranial and endoscopic transnasal approaches or the cranionasal dual approach, and skull base reconstruction was performed simultaneously. The postoperative gross tumor resection rate, perioperative complications, and postoperative efficacy were evaluated. RESULTS: Eleven patients with 14-37 months of follow-up were included. Eight patients underwent total resection, two patients underwent subtotal resection, and one patient was treated with partial resection. Postoperative pathological diagnoses revealed four olfactory neuroblastomas, three atypical meningiomas, two recurrent papilloma malignancies, one recurrent invasive pituitary tumor, and one recurrent invasive pituitary adenocarcinoma. Among the 11 patients, severe cerebral edema was observed postoperatively in one patient, and decompression craniectomy was performed. Intracranial infection was observed in two patients, including one with transient cerebrospinal fluid leakage, which was cured after symptomatic treatment. Moreover, postoperative ocular dysmotility and worse olfactory sensation were observed in one and two patients, respectively. The mean follow-up time of the 11 patients was (24.4 ± 5.7) months. The one-year survival rate of the patients was 100%; 10 patients (90.9%) had a favorable outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 4-5), and only one patient (9.1%) had a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 3. Furthermore, during the last follow-up, tumor recurrence occurred in two patients (18.2%). CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of cranionasal communicating tumors using the cranionasal dual approach and simultaneous skull base reconstruction improves the gross tumor resection rate with fewer postoperative complications and good short-term efficacy.

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