Association between pulmonary embolism and COVID-19 disease.

  Vol. 44 (2) 2023 Neuro endocrinology letters Journal Article   2023; 44(2): 105-114 PubMed PMID:  37182233    Citation

OBJECTIVES: The current retrospective study focused on evaluation of the relationship between pulmonary embolism during COVID-19 pandemic and demographic, presenting symptoms, comorbidities and laboratory results in patients who underwent CT angiography of the pulmonary arteries. METHODS: The study enrolled all adult patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism (PE) who underwent computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) between March 1, 2020, and April 30, 2022, during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. 1698 CTPAs were reviewed and various data were collected. Based on examination results, patients were divided into 4 groups: a group with positive PE and a group with negative PE for both COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: When comparing different predictors of COVID-19 patients and non-COVID-19 patients we noticed lower probability of PE in female gender (OR 0.77, 95% CI: 0.60-1.00, p = 0.052) and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.38-0.90, p = 0.017). Higher probability of PE was in cases of older age (OR 1.02, 95% CI: 1.01-1.02, p < 0.001), increased heart rate (OR 1.01, 95% CI: 1.01-1.02, p < 0.001) and increased D-dimer levels (OR 1.03, 95% CI: 1.02-1.04, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Considering predictors of PE there was a significantly lower risk of PE in the female gender and COPD, and a higher risk with increasing age, heart rate, and D-dimer levels.

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