Assessment of serum levels resistin in girls with anorexia nervosa. Part I. Relationship between resistin and body mass index.

OBJECTIVES: There are only few studies available on blood resistin (RES) levels in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), which revealed scarce results, however it has been demonstrated that RES mRNA expression in adipose tissue of these patients is increased. The aim of this study is: 1) the evaluation of serum resistin levels in girls with AN and determination a threshold value differentiating these patients from healthy subjects; 2) analysis of the relationship between serum resistin levels and BMI in examined subjects.

DESIGN AND SETTING: Serum RES concentration has been assayed using ELISA kit in 195 adolescent girls: 87 with restrictive AN (mean BMI-SDS: -2.65 ± 0.2), 17 with not otherwise specified eating disorders (NOS) (mean BMI-SDS: -1.4 ± 0.68), 30 with simple obesity (OB) (mean BMI-SDS: 6.91 ± 1.23) and 61 healthy (mean BMI-SDS: -0.18 ± 0.54).

RESULTS: Mean serum RES concentration in AN (2.8 ± 0.6 ng/ml) and NOS (3.1 ± 0.9 ng/ml) were significantly lower (p<0.0001) than in OB and H groups (4.8 ± 0.5 and 4.1 ± 0.4 ng/ml respectively). After corrected for BMI, RES values in AN were similar as in H subjects, but significantly higher (p<0.005) in comparison to OB group. ROC curve analysis revealed that 3.87 ng/ml is the threshold value of RES serum concentration differentiating AN from H girls (specificity 100%, sensitivity 80%). No significant correlations between BMI and serum resistin concentration are found in AN group, although a significant positive correlation has been established for all examined subjects.

CONCLUSION: Additional adaptive mechanisms may be involved in regulation of RES levels in adolescent girls with AN.

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