OBJECTIVES: Parameters of body surface potential mapping (BSPM) in DM II patients are significantly different comparing with healthy non-diabetic subjects. Hypothesis that these changes are more pronounced in DM II patients with depression was tested in the present study. For this purpose, analysis of the relationship between the Int-QRST (isointegral) maps distribution and the depressive symptoms intensification, as well interrelation between depressive and diabetic symptoms were performed.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: BSPM registrations were obtained from the three study groups (aged 37-52 years), namely 40 diabetic patients with clinically documented depression, 30 depressive patient without DM and 90 normal subjects. BSPM recordings were displayed in a form of the Int-QRST maps. Examination with BDI and HbA1c test were also performed in all investigated subjects.
RESULTS: Isointegral QRST maps turned out to display abnormal, i.e. non-dipolar distribution. Moreover, extent of Int-QRST maps multipolarity increased in the examined diabetic patients along with DM II duration, BDI scores and HbA1c level.
CONCLUSIONS: Non-dipolar distribution of Int-QRST maps, more pronounced in diabetic patients with depression, can be a specific indicator of the increased risk of severe ventricular arrhythmias occurring prior to abnormalities detectable on the standard 12-lead ECG recordings, which is of great importance especially in prevention of life-threatening arrhythmias.