Acute Thyrotoxic Myopathy Combined with Neck Pain: A Case Report.

  Vol. 44 (7) 2023 Neuro endocrinology letters Case Reports   2023; 44(7): 427-431 PubMed PMID:  37874555    Citation

INTRODUCTION: Acute thyrotoxic myopathy (ATM) is a rare and potentially lethal complication of thyrotoxicosis. The typical clinical symptoms of ATM are characterized by bulbar paralysis. Reports of the successful treatment of ATM are sporadic due to its low incidence. However, no English literature has reported Chinese patients with ATM and neck pain. Here, we report for the first time a Chinese patient with ATM and neck pain who recovered through large doses of systemic glucocorticoids and one intrathyroidal steroid injection. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old woman visited our hospital with a two-year history of progressive weakness of her bulbar muscles, hoarseness, cough when swallowing, dysphagia, and a one-month history of recurrent painful swelling of the thyroid gland. She was diagnosed with ATM, chronic thyrotoxic myopathy (CTM), and Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) due to Graves' disease (GD). After she was treated with a combination of low-dose glucocorticoids, antithyroid drugs (ATDs), propranolol, and ultrasound-guided percutaneous intrathyroidal injection of glucocorticoids, her bulbar paralysis, proximal myopathy, and neck pain simultaneously improved without recurrence during follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient with ATM, CTM, GD, GO and neck pain treated by administering a combination of low-dose glucocorticoids, one intrathyroidal steroid injection and antithyroid agents. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should consider ATM and intervene with aggressive glucocorticoid therapy, and this is the key to reversing the progression of ATM when a patient has bulbar paralysis and thyrotoxic symptoms. Our case report references the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such cases.

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