Vol. 35 (Suppl 1) 2014 Neuro endocrinology letters

Epicardial left ventricular lead for cardiac resynchronization therapy.

: Cardiac resynchronization therapy is now recognized as an effective and safe therapeutic modality in heart failure patients and leads to a reduction in mortality and morbidity. Today, transvenous implantation is considered to be the gold standard for lead placement. However, transvenous LV lead implantation fails in 2-10% of patients .....