OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) typically affecting young adults. Although the pathogenesis of MS is not fully understood, there is evidence to suggest that inflammation-induced oxidative stress can play a role in demyelination and axonal damage. Oxidative stress also participates in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction and atherogenesis. Data from large epidemiological studies showed a higher risk of vascular events in MS patients. The aim of our study was to analyse the presence of oxidative stress and its association with the parameters of subclinical atherosclerosis in the early stages of MS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compared 13 newly diagnosed MS patients with a group of 13 healthy age- and BMI-matched controls. Blood samples were measured for total antioxidant activity using TEAC assay. Endothelial function, expressed as reperfusion hyperaemia index (RHI) and arterial stiffness, expressed as augmentation index standardized to a pulse of 75/min (AI@75) were assessed using peripheral arterial tonometry. RESULTS: MS patients had significantly lower TEAC compared to controls [0.8 (0.4-2.4) vs. 1.2 (0.6-3.8) mmol/l; p=0.004]. The frequency of increased arterial stiffness (61.6% vs. 30.8%) and endothelial dysfunction (46.2% vs. 38.5%) was comparable in MS patients and in controls. There was no significant association between TEAC, increased arterial stiffness or endothelial dysfunction in patients and controls. CONCLUSION: Our study showed decreased antioxidant capacity in newly diagnosed MS patients compared to controls. We failed to find association of subclinical atherosclerosis with oxidative stress in newly diagnosed MS.