OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the calcitonin (CT) stimulation tests with tests of calcium gluconate (CaG) and pentagastrin (PG), their tolerance and usefulness of PCT in the patients' diagnosis with active Medullary thyroid cancer (MCT) after thyroidectomy.
METHODS: CT was marked in serum by the immunosorbent sandwich test. PCT was marked by the immunosorbent sandwich test, with the final reading of fluorenscence. PG was given intravenously at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg body weight for 10 seconds. CaG was also given by intravenous injection at a dose of 2.5 mg of elemental Ca/kg body weight at a rate of 5ml/min, for minimum 3 minutes. Blood was taken at the 0 minute, the 3 and 5 minute after getting the stimulating substances.
RESULTS: The post-stimulation CT concentration in the 3 and 5 minute of the CaG test vs PG is significantly higher compared to the baseline. The maximal stimulation of the CT is in the 3 minute, but higher concentrations occurred using the CaG.
CONCLUSION: The results of the study suggest a similar diagnostic value of the tests with CaG compared to the PG as stimulants. In the present study we noticed a trend of basic and post-stimulation concentrations of PCT to increase in the tests with PG and CaG which correspond with the elevated concentrations of CT.