OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of oseltamivir and indomethacin on dopamine and 5-HIAA levels and some oxidative biomarkers in brain and stomach of young rats in conditions of infection.
METHODS: Female Sprague Dawley rats in absence or presence of a live culture of Salmonella typhimurium (S.Typh), were treated as follows: PBS, group 1 (control); oseltamivir (100 mg/kg), group 2; indomethacin (67 µg/kg) group 3; oseltamivir (100 mg/kg) + indomethacin (67 µg/kg), group 4. The drugs were administered intraperitoneally every 24 hr for 5 days while S. Typh was give orally in the first and third day. C-reactive proteins was measured in blood on sacrifice, and from brain extract, dopamine and 5-HIAA levels as well as GSH, calcium, and H2O2 and total ATPase activity were measured by validated methods.
RESULTS: Dopamine increased significantly in cortex and cerebellum/medulla oblongata of groups that received indomethacin and oseltamivir. 5-HIAA increased significantly in all groups that received S.Typh. H2O2 decreased significantly in cortex regions of animals that received oseltamivir and indomethacin in presence of S.Typh. Total ATPase increased significantly in cortex and hemispheres of groups that received oseltamivir as well as in cerebellum/medulla oblongata and stomach of animals that received oseltamivir and indomethacin combined with S.Typh. GSH increased and calcium decreased significantly in stomach of animals that received oseltamivir or indomethacin alone or combined with S.Typh.
CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate the association between inflammatory response, oxidative stress, dopaminergic, and serotonergic metabolism in an experimental inflammatory animal model.